Despite the fact that there are parents who do not take children with untreated dental caries to a dental clinic, few studies have been conducted to identify the responsible underlying social and family factors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic status and lifestyle factors are associated with dental neglect in elementary school children.
Low SES and certain parental lifestyle factors were associated with dental neglect in elementary school children. The reasons why these are potential risk factors for dental neglect require further research.
If extracurricular school-based sports are offered at school, the vast majority of elementary school children participate. Although extracurricular school-based sports attract many children already engaging in community sports, they also reach almost two third of the children who do not participate in community sports but who might also be optimally motivated towards sports. As children participating in extracurricular school-based sports are more physically active than children who do not participate, extracurricular school-based sports participation can be considered to contribute to an active lifestyle for these participating children.
Since the current study was cross-sectional, it is not possible to determine the direction of the relationship between extracurricular school-based sports participation on the one hand and PA and motivation towards sports on the other hand, which is a limitation of the present study. The question therefore remains if participation in extracurricular school-based sports triggers a more active lifestyle and a more autonomous motivation towards sports or if it is rather vice versa and children who already have high PA-levels and a high autonomous motivation to participate in sports are more attracted to extracurricular school-based sports than their peers. In this respect, it would be interesting to investigate the direction of these relationships by implementing extracurricular school-based sports in elementary schools not offering extracurricular school-based sports at the moment. Intervention studies based on such implementations or longitudinal studies could provide more clarity on the direction of the relationships.
Citation: Liu B, Liu X, Wang Q, Yan W and Hao M (2022) Nutritional status, food consumption, lifestyle, and physical fitness in rural and urban elementary school children in Northeast China. Front. Nutr. 9:1044877. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.1044877
Methods: Participants aged 8 to 11 years were recruited from an elementary school and randomized to receive a healthy lifestyle behavior educational talk (control) or play six 30-minute sessions with HelperFriend (intervention). Assessments were conducted at baseline (T0) and after the intervention (ie, 4 weeks) (T1). The primary outcome was gain in knowledge. The secondary outcomes were intention to conduct healthy behaviors, dietary intake, and player satisfaction. 2b1af7f3a8