Reviewer #1: The manuscript describes an fMRI study of 24 designers engaging in various aspects of the landscape design task. It is concluded that "designs involving more graphic thinking exhibit significantly more activity in left prefrontal cortex."
On the one hand the authors are talking about problem solving in terms of problems scoping, preliminary solutions, refinement, and detailing (figure 1). On the other hand, their task involves viewing, copying drawing, brainstorming, graphic thinking (figure 4). How does the one vocabulary map onto the other? Even more importantly, what is happening during the 60 seconds allowed for each phase? What are the participants doing? What cognitive processes are being engaged? What behavioural data can the authors provide to support their conjecture? There is no way of knowing based on the information provided. If we cannot answer these questions, we cannot even begin to interpret the results.
Reviewer #3: This paper analyses the brain areas activated in a design task where designers were asked to perform a landscape design task under the fMRI scanner in two stages: brainstorming without drawing and graphic thinking where they draw and refine the ideas they generated during the brainstorming stage. There were two control conditions were of viewing a plan and imagining being there and another was to copy a plan. I have reservations about the design of the study and the depth of conceptual underpinnings of the study. Most of the terms are loosely defined and leads to confusion. The introduction and discussion are not detailed and severely lack references.
This book sets out to explore the creation of interior atmosphere as seen through the lens of mise-en-scène. You will learn how this film theory informs the concept of 'staged space' translated through the narrative and expressive qualities of a particular scene.Jean Whitehead quickly takes this concept beyond the screen and considers its application to the interior 'setting'. By learning to use the ingredients that inform an 'interior' mise-en-scène such as its backdrop, choice of props, use of special effects alongside the application of colour, pattern, graphics, light and shadow, an immersive atmospheric experience can be created.Packed with inspiring examples and case studies, ranging from cinematic interiors and art installations, to the work of notable interior designers, stylists and architects with an interior interest, this book broadens current thinking around the design of the decorated interior. It will help you to embrace the concepts that underpin an interior mise-en- scène through the use of softer decorative techniques and concerns. 2b1af7f3a8